The US-Mexico border is 1,940 miles long. Up to 10,000 illegal aliens cross the border every day - over 3 million per year. One third will be caught and many will try again. About half of those remaining will become permanent U.S. residents (3,500 per day).
There are an estimated 9 to 11 million illegals in the U.S., double the 1994 level. A quarter-million illegal aliens from the Middle-east currently live in the U.S, and a growing number are entering via the Mexican border.
80% of cocaine and 50% of heroin in the U.S. is smuggled across the border by Mexican nationals. Drug cartels spend a half-billion dollars per year bribing Mexico's corrupt generals and police officials, and armed confrontations between the Mexican army and U.S. Border Patrol agents are a real threat. There have been 118 documented incursions by the Mexican military over the last five years.
Illegal aliens have cost billions of taxpayer-funded dollars for medical services. Dozens of hospitals in Texas, New Mexico Arizona, and California, have been forced to close or face bankruptcy because of federally-mandated programs requiring free emergency room services to illegal aliens. Taxpayers pay a half-billion dollars per year incarcerating illegal alien criminals.
$60 billion dollars are earned by illegal aliens in the U.S. each year, and one of Mexico's largest revenue streams consists of money sent home by illegal aliens working in the U.S.
(Based on the Washington Times article and series, "Chaos along the border", October 6, 2002.)
Here are quick facts on mass immigration and population growth in the United States. (Updated 2007).
The Census Bureau projects that U.S. population will double this century, practically within the lifetimes of children born today. 70% of this doubling will be due to mass immigration - that is, due to new immigrants and their descendents.
Colorado currently has 4.3 million residents and is the third-fastest growing state in the U.S. Colorado is suffering from overcrowded schools, and traffic, congestion, smog, and sprawl. Every hour, ten acres of our farmland and open space are lost to development.
1. Population Environment Balance
2. U.S. Census Bureau.
3. NumbersUSA.com, and Center for Immigration Studies.
4. SUSPS data and numbers.
5. EcoFuture Ecological Footprint references.
6. Immigrants account for 45% of Colorados growth, by Michael Riley, The Denver Post, November 27, 2002.
7. Immigrants in the United States - 2002 - A Snapshot of America's Foreign-Born Population, by Steven A. Camarota, Center for Immigration Studies, November, 2002.
8. The Impact of Immigration on U.S. Population Growth, Steven Camarota, Center for Immigration Studies, Testimony prepared for the U.S. House of Representatives, Committee on the Judiciary Subcommittee on Immigration, Border Security, and Claims, August 2,2001.
9. Population and Natural Resources, American Association for the Advancement of Science, 2000.
10. Drilling For Oil in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge Won't Address National Security or Consumer Needs, Sierra Club; and U.S. Per-Capita Use of Petroleum Energy Information Administration, Annual Energy Review 1997, DOE/EIA.
11. Indicator 29 - Value and volume of wood and wood products production, including value added through downstream, 2003 National Report on Sustainable Forest Management, USDA Forest Service; and Indicator 31 - Supply and consumption of wood and wood products, including consumption per capita, 2003 National Report on Sustainable Forest Management, USDA Forest Service.
12. What Drives U.S. Population Growth?, Population Reference Bureau, December, 2002.
13. 97th Congress State Record Vote Analysis, 1982.
The Immigration Reform and Control Act (IRCA) of 1986 prohibits employers from knowingly hiring illegal workers. To comply with this law, employers must collect information regarding an employee's identity and employment eligibility and document that information on Form I-9. An employee must provide certain information on the form, such as name and date of birth, as well as present supporting documents.
E-Verify is an Internet-based system that allows businesses to determine the eligibility of their employees to work in the United States. E-Verify offers employers a powerful tool in protecting themselves against those who try to cheat the system. The E-verify program verifies the status of newly hired employees, while the IMAGE certification program examines older hiring records in order to detect phony documents used by illegal alien workers.
E-Verify is fast, free and easy to use, and it's the best way employers can ensure a legal workforce. E-Verify compares information from an employee's Form I-9, Employment Eligibility Verification, to data from U.S. Department of Homeland Security and Social Security Administration records to confirm employment eligibility.
U.S. law requires companies to employ only individuals who may legally work in the United States - either U.S. citizens, or foreign citizens who have the necessary authorization.
More than 409,000 employers, large and small, across the United States use E-Verify to check the employment eligibility of their employees, with about 1,300 new businesses signing up each week.
While participation in E-Verify is voluntary for most businesses, some companies may be required by state law or federal regulation to use E-Verify. For example, most employers in Arizona and Mississippi are required to use E-Verify. E-Verify is also mandatory for employers with federal contracts or subcontracts that contain the Federal Acquisition Regulation E-Verify clause.
E-Verify's most impressive features are its speed and accuracy. E-Verify is the only service that verifies employees' data against millions of government records and provides results within seconds. There's no other program that provides the same peace of mind in such little time.
E-Verify compares the information an employee provides on Form I-9, Employment Eligibility Verification, against millions of government records and generally provides results in three to five seconds. If the information matches, that employee is eligible to work in the United States. If there's a mismatch, E-Verify will alert the employer and the employee will be allowed to work while he or she resolves the problem.
E-Verify is closely linked to Form I-9, Employment Eligibility Verification, and exists to strengthen the Form I-9 employment eligibility verification process that all employers, by law, must follow. While participation in E-Verify is voluntary for most employers, completion of Form I-9 is required of all employers.
E-Verify works by comparing information entered from an employee's Form I-9 to 455 million Social Security Administration (SSA) records and 80 million U.S. Department of Homeland Security records.
U.S. Department of Homeland Security databases contain records about employment-based visas, immigration and naturalization status, and U.S. passport issuance, which allow E-Verify to compare information against a wide variety of sources.
By adding E-Verify to the existing Form I-9 employment eligibility verification process, a company can benefit from the peace of mind of knowing that it maintains a legal workforce.
Before a company can use E-Verify to verify the employment eligibility of its employees, the company and employee must first complete Form I-9. All of the Form I-9 rules that companies followed before signing up for E-Verify still apply with two exceptions.
Once Form I-9 is completed, the company enters the information from Form I-9 into E Verify. Depending on the documents an employee provides, the employer may have to compare a photo displayed on a computer screen to the photo on the employee's document. The photos should match, which ensures the document photo is genuine and hasn't been altered.
Once the information has been entered and submitted, E-Verify will compare it against millions of government records. If the information entered matches, E-Verify will return an "Employment Authorized" result. This confirms the employee is authorized to work in the United States. After printing the results page and attaching it to the employee's Form I-9 (or recording the employee's E-Verify case verification number on the form itself), the employer simply closes the case to complete the E-Verify process.
If there is a mismatch, E-Verify will return a "Tentative Nonconfirmation (TNC)" result. If this happens, the employer needs to print and review a notice with the employee that explains the cause of the mismatch and what it means for the employee.
If the employee decides to contest the mismatch, the employer will refer the case in E-Verify to the appropriate agency (either the U.S. Department of Homeland Security or Social Security Administration) and print a letter that it must give to the employee. The letter contains important instructions and contact information that the employee will need to resolve the mismatch. The employee then has eight federal government work days from the date the case was referred in E-Verify to resolve the problem.
E-Verify will alert the employer of an update in the employee's case. If the employee successfully resolves the mismatch, E-Verify will return a result of employment authorized. If the employee doesn't resolve the mismatch, E-Verify will return a final nonconfirmation result. Only after an employee receives a final nonconfirmation may an employer terminate an employee based on E-Verify.
In rare cases, the U.S. Department of Homeland Security or the Social Security Administration might need more time to verify the employee's employment eligibility.
When this happens, E-Verify will return a case in continuance result. When an employee's case is in continuance the employer must allow the employee to continue to work until E-Verify gives a final result of "Employment Authorized" or a "Final Nonconfirmation."
This page provides general information about E-Verify and is meant to provide an overview of the program. For instructions and policy guidance, visit the For Employers and For Employees sections of the website.
Companies are already required by law to complete Form I-9 for each newly hired employee, and E-Verify works seamlessly with the Form I-9 process to confirm employment eligibility.
For more information, see US Citizenship and Immigration Services E-Verify resources.
Exponential growth is growth that occurs at a constant rate, such as an investment that grows at an annual 7 percent rate. The Rule of 70 provides a quick and easy way to determine how long it will take for an amount to double at a given growth rate. Simply divide the percentage number into 70 to obtain the approximate number of years required to double. A more detailed description is given below.
Populations can grow at a constant rate, thus the Rule of 70 can be used to approximate the doubling time of a population that is growing at a fixed rate of growth.
Human population has generally grown in an exponential manner throughout human history, and projections of exponential doubling times have been applicable.
Current dynamics of population growth are more complex and population growth can no longer be considered to be precisely exponential. Population issues of the 21st Century include migration and immigration, aging, Baby Boomers and the youth bulge, as well as continued population growth in developing countries - all of which result in pressure on sustaining resources and the environment.
Many countries will continue to double their population. The United States is projected to double its population this century, practically within the lifetimes of children born today. Therefore it is appropriate to reference the time in which these countries will double their population. Doubling time is perhaps the most illuminating manner of presenting population growth to the lay person. However, it should be noted that the explanations below refer to a constant rate of growth, which as we note, is not as applicable to countries now as it was in the past.
A quantity grows exponentially when its increase is proportional to what is already there. A common example is compound interest, where $100 invested at 7% per year annual compound interest will double in 10 years. Similarly, if a population grows at 7% per year, it, too, will double in 10 years.
Exponential growth has surprising consequences. $100 invested at a 7% annual return will double in 10 years to approximately $200, double in another 10 years to approximately $400, and double again in the next 10 years to approximately $800. Significant gains can be made by simply relying on exponential growth over time. One way of saying this is that the longer you wait on your investment, the faster your returns come in. In the following graph, you can see that over time, returns increase dramatically.
There are also clear disadvantages to exponential growth. When populations continue to grow, the impact of growth becomes increasingly significant over time. Because of the nature of exponential growth, "when things get bad, they get bad in a hurry".
Consider a city with 100,000 people, growing at 7% per year. In 10 years, the population will double to 200,000 people, in another 10 years it will double again to 400,000 people, and ten years after that it will double again to 800,000 people. The following graph shows this exponential population growth. The shape of the curve is identical to the interest rate graph above!
The Rule of 70 states that to find the doubling time of a quantity growing at a given annual percentage rate, divide the percentage number into 70 to obtain the approximate number of years required to double. For example, at a 10% annual growth rate, doubling time is 70 / 10 = 7 years.
Similarly, to get the annual growth rate, divide 70 by the doubling time. For example, 70 / 14 years doubling time = 5, or a 5% annual growth rate.
The following table shows some common doubling times:
(% per year)
The use of natural logs arises from integrating the basic differential equation for exponential growth: dN/dt = rN, over the period from t=0 to t = the time period in question, where N is the quantity growing and r is the growth rate.
The integral of that equation is:
N(t) = N(0) x ert
where N(t) is the size of a quantity after t intervals have elapsed, N(0) is the initial value of the quantity, e is the base of the natural logarithm, r is the average growth rate over the interval in question, and t is the number of intervals. Natural logarithms (that is, logarithms to the base e) come in from this integration. Natural logs are sometimes abbreviated ln to distinguish them from "common" logarithms of base 10.
In our case, t is usually given in years and r is the average annual growth rate. However, the formula works for seconds, weeks, centuries, etc.
The ratio of the final to the initial values of N is N(t)/N(0), and is equal to ert power. (Dividing through by N(0).)
The natural logarithm of the ratio N(t)/N(0) is equal to rt. (Taking the natural log of e raised to a power is simply the power itself.)
The growth rate r is then given by natural log N(t)/N(0) divided by t.
Alternatively, if one knows the final and initial values of N and the average growth rate, one can find the time it takes at that average growth rate for the quantity to grow from its initial value to the final value.
t = ln [ N(t)/N(0) ] / r
A special case is the doubling time, which is the time when N(t)/N(0) = 2, that is the quantity has doubled from its initial value. At that point
rt = ln 2 = 0.69
If one knows the growth rate as a decimal fraction, then the doubling time t2 = 0.69 / r.
If the growth rate is given in percent, then 0.69 must be multiplied by 100, and the doubling time = 69/r. This is the origin of the rule of 70, i.e., 69 is rounded up to 70.
For the results to be accurate, all of these calculations assume that the growth rate remains unchanged throughout the interval in question, that is, that the growth is exponential at the average rate for the entire period. Most quantities don't really grow that way (compound interest is an exception), so this method is generally an approximation for the real world.
When considering growth over a period of years, it is important to note that taking the natural logarithm of the ratio of the final value to the initial value and dividing by the time period in years gives the average annual growth rate.
For example, metro Denver population grew 15% from 1990 to 1996. The simple arithmetic average of growth is 2.5% per year (15% / 6 years = 2.5%/year). Strictly speaking the rule of 70 applies to exponential growth, which means that the compound average population growth rate must be divided into 70 to get the doubling time.
The compound average growth rate involves natural logarithms. To find the compound growth rate, take the natural log of the ratio of the final to the initial populations and divide this by 6 years. 15% growth means that the ratio of final to initial populations is 1.15. (The final population is 115% of the initial population, considered to be 100%; 115% / 100% = 1.15.) The natural log of 1.15 is 0.14. Dividing 0.14 by 6 years = 0.023/year, or an average geometric increase of 2.3% / year.
Finally, divide 70 by 2.3 to give a doubling time of 30 years.
China and India are the world's two most populous countries. The United States, with a population of over 315 million is the third most populated country. (See the Census Bureau population clock). The US has highest population growth rate of all industrialized countries.1
Fertility is defined as the average number of children per woman over the woman's lifetime. Fertility tends to be higher in less developed countries than in industrialized countries.
Replacement level fertility in the United States is approximately 2.1 children per woman (slightly higher than 2 because of child mortality). Women in the United States voluntarily achieved replacement level fertility in 1972. Yet US population has continued to grow because of two factors: mass immigration and population momentum.
Population momentum is the tendency for population to continue to grow even after replacement-level fertility (2.1 children per woman) has been achieved. It is caused by a relatively high concentration of people in their childbearing years - that is, by a population that is age-biased toward youth.
It takes a period of time equal to the average life expectancy (approximately three generations or 73 years in the U.S.) for a reduction in fertility to be manifested as a change in actual population numbers. The following graph shows how population keeps growing long after fertility is reduced.
U.S. fertility first dropped to slightly below replacement level fertility in 1972. Because of population momentum, however, U.S. population would have continued to increase to 255 million by 2020 - without any additional immigration - and then would have gradually declined.2,3,4
It is therefore crucial that this time delay be considered when targeting future population numbers and that steps to reduce fertility are taken sooner rather than later. Any attempt to achieve U.S. population stabilization must consider the long-term impact of both birth rates as well as immigration.
(1) The actual reproductive performance of an individual, a couple, a group, or a population. See general fertility rate.
(2) The term fertility is used instead of natality when births are put in relation with the number of women of fertile age. The fertility of a generation can be summarized by completed fertility and mean age at childbirth, whereas the total period fertility rate measures the fertility rate for the year.
General Fertility Rate: The number of live births per 1,000 women ages 15-44 or 15-49 years in a given year.
Total Fertility Rate (TFR):
(1) The average number of children that would be born alive to a woman (or group of women) during her lifetime if she were to pass through her childbearing years conforming to the age-specific fertility rates of a given year. This rate is sometimes stated as the number of children women are having today. See also gross reproduction rate and net reproduction rate.
(2) An estimate of the average number of children that would be born to each woman if the current age-specific birth rates remained constant.
(3) A hypothetical estimate of completed fertility. It indicates how many births a woman would have by the end of her reproductive life, if, for all of her childbearing years, she was to experience the age-specific birth rates for that given year. (From U.S. Census Bureau Fertility of American Women: June 2000).
1. Population Reference Bureau World Population Data Sheet, various years.
2. Demographer Leon Bouvier, Tulane University, www.NumbersUSA.com "U.S. Overpopulation Facts".
3. National Audubon Society Population and Habitat Campaign Fact sheet on population momentum.
For more information, see Reporting Social Security fraud.
If you suspect or know of an individual or company that is not complying with tax law, you may report this activity by completing IRS Form 3949-A. You may fill out Form 3949-A online, print it and mail it to:
If you do not wish to use Form 3949-A, you may send a letter to the address above. Please include the following information, if available:
Although you are not required to identify yourself, it is helpful to do so. Your identity can be kept confidential.
For more information, see How Do You Report Suspected Tax Fraud Activity?
If you suspect someone of being an illegal alien who snuck into our country and evaded apprehension at our border, you can quickly and easily file a report to government agencies at the (non-government) website www.ReportIllegals.com. Depending on the data you provide, ReportIllegals.com will in most cases file a report to ICE and in many cases to federal agencies such as CIS, CBP, DOL, DEA, DSS, FBI, HUD, IRS, SSA, TSA, or other foreign, federal, state, county and local governmental agencies.
To report suspected illegal aliens directly, contact:
Contact the US Citizenship and Immigration Services (CIS, formerly INS), under the Dept of Homeland Security.
You can call the CIS National Service Center at 1-800-375-5283 to find your local office to report illegal aliens. Note that the default language of this U.S. government office is some foreign language - not English! Press 1 to speak in English, the native language of the United States of America. Then press 9 to speak to a real person. They should be able to help find a local office to take the report.
Also, see the article: "How To Report Illegal Aliens - Updated DHS Version!"
Section 274A of the Immigration and Nationality Act requires employers to verify that all employees are authorized to work and have established their identities using the Form I-9.
The IMAGE program was created in 2006, as a joint government and private sector initiative designed to build cooperative relationships that strengthen hiring practices and encourage employer compliance. The IMAGE program is is a voluntary partnership initiative between the federal government and private sector employers, designed to strengthen overall hiring practices. The program provides for employer self-compliance within the workplace, by which employers can achieve a lawful workforce via self-policing of their hiring practices.
IMAGE is a phony document detection service developed by ICE to offer assistance to employers seeking to avoid hiring illegal aliens. While the E-verify program verifies the status of newly hired employees, the IMAGE system examines older hiring records
Illegal aliens drawn to the United States in search of jobs. By law, U.S. companies face fines and owners face possible imprisonment if they violate laws related to employment and employment eligibility. The IMAGE program serves to foster improved relations with private sector employers, and to help employers to better understand their legal responsibilities when hiring.
While industry self-policing will allow ICE to focus on other aspects of its homeland security mission, the use of voluntary-only workplace enforcement has its obvious pitfalls.
IMAGE was designed as a partnership initiative between the government and private sector employers. To that end, ICE is committed to working with IMAGE participants in the following ways:
What happens if an employer correctly complete an I-9 form and perform an E-Verify query and ICE subsequently determines the individual to be unauthorized to work in the U.S.?
If the employee presented the employer with documents that reasonably appeared to be genuine and relate to the employee presenting them, the employer can not be charged with a verification violation. This type of circumstance underscores the importance of why ICE is advocating participation in E-Verify for all employers.
Under the streamlined IMAGE certification process, employers will:
In return, ICE agrees to:
For more information, see ICE information on IMAGE certification.
Send Letters to the Editor regarding mass immigration, population, and sustainability. Letters to the Editor (LTE) should be short - approximately 150 words. However, some newspapers will publish longer letters. Opinion pieces (op-eds) are typically 700 words.
Here is an example of a well-researched and well-written 500 word LTE: Gang of Eight Bill a Disaster.
Here is where to send Letters to the Editor in Colorado - these are the major newspapers. Most newspapers require that letters the author's full name, address and daytime phone number for verification (but street address, email, and phone will not be published). Anonymous or pen name letters generally will not be accepted.
Secure Communities is a program administered by U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE). It now only focuses its limited resources on those who have been arrested for breaking criminal laws. Simply being unlawfully present in the United States will not gain the attention of ICE under the Secure Communities Program.1,4
Secure Communities is a way to carry out ICE's priorities. It uses an already-existing federal information-sharing partnership between ICE and the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) that helps to identify criminal aliens without imposing new or additional requirements on state and local law enforcement. For decades, local jurisdictions have shared the fingerprints of individuals who are arrested or booked into custody with the FBI to see if they have a criminal record.
Under Secure Communities, the FBI automatically sends the fingerprints to DHS to check against its immigration databases. If these checks reveal that an individual is unlawfully present in the United States or otherwise removable (can be deported) due to a criminal conviction, ICE takes enforcement action – prioritizing the removal (deporting) of individuals who present the most significant threats to public safety as determined by the severity of their crime, their criminal history, and other factors – as well as those who have repeatedly violated immigration laws.
Secure Communities imposes no new or additional requirements on state and local law enforcement. The federal government, not the state or local law enforcement agency, determines what immigration enforcement action, if any, is appropriate.
State and local jurisdictions cannot opt out of Secure Communities. A jurisdiction may choose not to receive the identifications that result from processing the fingerprints through DHS's biometric system that are provided to the local ICE field office. In the past, this option has been mischaracterized as a mechanism for a jurisdiction to opt out of the program. In fact, a jurisdiction's decision not to receive this information directly does not affect whether the local ICE field office in that jurisdiction will or will not take enforcement action based on those results.2
Only federal DHS officers make immigration enforcement decisions, and they do so only after an individual is arrested for a criminal violation of local, state, or federal law, separate and apart from any violations of immigration law.
The Secure Communities Program has been significantly weakened under the Obama administration.
U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) receives annual appropriations from Congress sufficient to remove a limited number of the more than 10 million [to 40 million] individuals estimated to be in the U.S. who lack lawful status or are removable because of a criminal conviction. Given this reality, ICE must set priorities.
Under the Obama administration, ICE has set clear priorities for immigration enforcement focused on identifying and removing those aliens with criminal convictions. In addition to criminal aliens, ICE focuses on recent illegal entrants, repeat violators who game the immigration system, those who fail to appear at immigration hearings, and fugitives who have already been ordered removed by an immigration judge.
Between fiscal years 2008 and 2011 the number of convicted criminals that ICE removed from the United States increased by 89 percent, while the number of non-criminals removed dropped by 29 percent - from 25 percent in 2008 to 4 percent in 2012. According to ICE, deportations of "other" (non-criminal) removable illegal aliens was only 14,674 in 2012, or 4 percent of all removals.3
The SCP is a purely an administrative creation and is not a program established by act of Congress. Therefore, it can be modified or discontinued by the President or Secretary of the Interior at any time.
Enforcement of the Secure Communities Program is dependent on two factors:
An important point is that all such decisions are purely discretionary. A local sheriff can completely ignore the information ICE provides about his jail inmates who are illegal aliens - and yet that sheriff would still be in full compliance with SCP.
For example, if the Denver County Sheriff chooses to disregard a notification that one of his jail inmates is an illegal alien who has been twice deported and is wanted for felony reentry, and the sheriff then releases that illegal alien on bond, the sheriff is not in violation of federal law.
1. Secure Communities, ICE, April 1, 2013.
2. Secure Communities: Get the Facts, ICE, April 1, 2013.
3. Secure Communities Program Removal Statistics, ICE, April 1, 2013.
4. Democrats plot to betray citizens on amnesty, Tom Tancredo, March 30, 2013.
The terms "undocumented worker", "undocumented immigrant", "unlawful immigrant", "undocumented alien", "undocumented student", and "illegal immigrant" are often used to describe those who have broken the law of our land to enter and work in our country illegally. These are all misleading terms, deliberately used to "soften" the issue of illegal entry into the United States.
The term "undocumented" implies that foreign nationals have the unconditional right to violate America's borders and immigration laws, and that the worst offense they may have committed was forgetting to complete some paperwork. The reality of the situation is the illegal aliens have all kinds of Social Security cards and other documents - it's just that those documents are forged or stolen.
An "immigrant" is an invited guest - a person who comes to a country where they are not a citizen in order to settle there. The term "immigrant" implies permanent, legal, residency. (Although because of amnesties and status adjustments, about 25% of currently legal immigrants first came here illegally).
The accurate description of a foreign national illegally residing in America is "illegal alien". An illegal alien is a criminal subject to as much as six months in jail for first offense and subject to federal felony charges for subsequent entries after deportation.
For more information, see:
Immigration and the Law.
Glossary of Terms, US Citizenship and Naturalization Services (PDF).
Glossary of Terms, US Citizenship and Naturalization Services (web page).
Associated Press adopts Orwellian doublespeak - drops 'illegal immigrant'.
Illegal Alien Propaganda: A Critical Lesson in Terminology and Tactics.
An alien is defined by the U.S. Citizenship and Naturalization Services as "any person not a citizen or national of the United States". The term is defined by United States statute, in Section 1101(a)(3) of the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952 (with amendments by Congress through 2001). Aliens can be either legally or illegally present in the U.S.
The term "alien" is purposefully and appropriately used in US Government documents, such as in:
"Immigration and Nationality Act(INA) — An Act of Congress that, along with other immigration laws, treaties, and conventions of the United States, relates to the immigration, temporary admission, naturalization and removal of aliens".
U.S. Citizenship and Naturalization Services, Glossary of Terms, as of April 3, 2013.
What is an alien?, Juan Mann's Frequently Asked Questions About Immigration and the Law, VDare.com, December 11, 2002.
An anchor baby is a child born to illegal alien parents within the borders of the United States. The child is born as an American citizen and under the 1965 immigration Act, can be used to facilitate citizenship for the immediate - and ultimately the extended - family.
The 14th Amendment was ratified in 1868 to protect the rights of native-born black Americans, whose rights were being denied as recently-freed slaves. The amendment states that "All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States..." In 1866, Senator Jacob Howard clearly spelled out the intent of the 14th Amendment by writing: "Every person born within the limits of the United States, and subject to their jurisdiction, is by virtue of natural law and national law a citizen of the United States. This will not, of course, include persons born in the United States who are foreigners, aliens, who belong to the families of ambassadors or foreign ministers accredited to the Government of the United States, but will include every other class of persons."
The original intent of the 14th Amendment was clearly not to facilitate illegal aliens to defy U.S. law at taxpayer expense.
For more information, see the 14th Amendment and Anchor Babies website.
One who dislikes and discriminates against individual immigrants.
Open borders proponents often label those who favor reducing immigration numbers as "anti-immigrant". Their intent is to discredit immigration reductionists by making false associations with racism, nativism, and xenophobia. The correct term is immigration reductionist. The truth is that nearly all immigration reductionists favor immigrants and immigration, but at a drastically reduced level.
Supporting replacement-level immigration does not mean that one hates immigrants, any more than supporting replacement-level levels of births means that one hates babies.
Balkanization is the separation of a country or region into smaller units, often hostile to each other, sometimes involving the forcible expulsion of entire populations from their homelands by stronger powers. High levels of immigration without assimilation may lead to balkanization.
The maximum population of a given species that can be supported indefinitely in a defined habitat without permanently impairing the productivity and functioning of that habitat.
Humanity has been able temporarily to avoid carrying capacity issues through the use technology, preemption of supporting ecosystems normally used to sustain other species, and by transporting and importing resources. Thus, a more appropriate definition of carrying capacity with regard to humanity is the maximum "load" that can safely be imposed on an environment by humanity without permanently impairing the productivity and functioning of that environment. Shrinking carrying capacity may soon become the single most important issue facing humanity.
One who wants to preserve our sustaining natural resources for the benefit of future generations and for the living organisms who exist in our natural environment. By definition, conservationism is conservative, but not all concervatives are conservationists.
The belief that natural resources are essentially of limitless supply and that technology will find solutions to environmental, overpopulation, energy, and resource depletion problems.
Diversity is defined as noticeable heterogeneity, and often is used in a social context to mean noticeable presence of multiple races and cultures, without significant assimilation. Diversity is frequently promoted as the desirable condition for American society by those who favor open borders and unlimited immigration.
One who promotes cultural and racial diversity at the expense of an indigenous culture and society, without regard for ecological and social consequences.
The effective land area and corresponding resources required by an individual, city, or nation in order to supply resources and dispose of wastes. It is a measurement of capital stocks, physical flows, and corresponding ecosystem areas required to support a given human population and economy.
For more information, see EcoFuture environmental information.
Fertility is the actual reproductive performance of an individual, a couple, a group, or a population. It is typically used in reference to the average number of live births per woman. Native-born Americans voluntarily achieved replacement-level fertility (2.1 children per woman) in 1972. See EcoFuture Population Terms and Definitions.
An artificial ethnicity contrived in 1976, originally meaning "Americans of Spanish origin or descent", but subsequently changed to mean "A person of Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, or other Spanish culture or origin, regardless of race".
In the 1930s, "Hispanics," led by LULAC, opposed identifying Mexicans as "non-white." After affirmative action programs were implemented for Blacks in the 1970s, "Hispanics," dominated by LULAC and La Raza (The Race), changed their racial identity from "white" to "non-white" in order to be eligible for affirmative action programs.
The "Hispanic" category was created on June 16, 1976 by Public Law 94-311, "Economic and Social Statistics for Americans of Spanish Origin." The law contained two significant components: 1) the subject: "Americans of Spanish origin or descent" and 2) the legal status: "American citizens." Both of these qualifiers were soon dropped in an effort to magnify political influence by maximizing numeric size.
In 1977, the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) adopted the title of "Hispanic". Subsequently, "Hispanic" has come to be de defined as "A person of Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, or other Spanish culture or origin, regardless of race."
According to Mark Lopez of the Pew Hispanic Center:
[A]bout two-thirds of Hispanic-Americans identify themselves not as belonging to the general Latino culture, but to their specific country of origin or their parents' homeland.
"The notion of a pan-ethnic identity is actually an American concept," said Lopez, an American citizen whose grandparents emigrated from Mexico. "If I go to El Salvador and I say I'm Hispanic, they're going to think I'm from Spain, or they're not going to know what that means. They don't see a pan-ethnic identity. They see themselves as Salvadoran."
Funding Hate - Foundations and the Radical Hispanic Lobby, Part I, The Social Contract, Fall, 2000.
Hispanics Extend Reach Beyond Enclaves, Wall Street Journal, March 19, 2003.
The Origin of the Term ‘Hispanic’, Hartford Guardian, July 27, 2009.
Illegal Alien Propaganda: A Critical Lesson in Terminology and Tactics, Accuracy in Media, April 12, 2013.
An illegal alien is "a foreigner who has entered or resides in a country unlawfully or without the country's authorization." An illegal alien is an alien - that is, a foreign national - who has illegally entered the United States, or who enters legally and then deliberately overstays their visa. An illegal alien is a criminal subject to as much as six months in jail for first offense and subject to federal felony charges for subsequent entries after initial deportation.
Colorado defines an illegal alien as "anyone who has entered the United States illegally and is deportable, or anyone who has 'overstayed a visa' or otherwise violated the terms of his or her legal admission into the United States. Sometimes known as an 'illegal immigrant.'" (From Implementation of Senate Bill 06-090 Performance Audit, Colorado State Auditor, Department of Public Safety, Department of Local Affairs, May 2009.)
The term "illegal alien" is purposefully and appropriately used in US Government documents, such as:
"Immigration Investigations, Enforcement, Detention and Removal: For information about immigration investigations, enforcement, detention or removal of aliens from the U.S., or to report suspected illegal aliens or other illegal immigration activity, please visit the United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement website at www.ice.gov." and
"An illegal alien who entered the United States without inspection, for example, would be strictly defined as an immigrant under the INA but is not a permanent resident alien." and
"Certain illegal aliens who were eligible to apply for temporary resident status under the legalization provision of the Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986."
Dictionary - illegal alien.
Implementation of Senate Bill 06-090 Performance Audit, Colorado State Auditor, Department of Public Safety, Department of Local Affairs, May 2009.
USCIS Service and Office Locator, U.S. Citizenship and Naturalization Services, as of April 3, 2013.
Permanent Resident Alien, U.S. Citizenship and Naturalization Services, as of April 3, 2013.
Legalized Aliens, U.S. Citizenship and Naturalization Services, as of April 3, 2013.
An immigrant is "a person who comes to a country to take up permanent residence". An immigrant is an invited guest - a person who comes to a country where they are not a citizen in order to settle there. The term "immigrant" implies permanent, legal, residency. (Although because of amnesties and status adjustments, about 25% of currently legal immigrants first came to the U.S. illegally).
An immigration reductionist is one who favors a return to sustainable immigration numbers. Often those favoring immigration reduction are called racist or anti-immigrant, but the truth is that nearly all immigration reductionists favor immigrants and immigration, but at a drastically reduced level.
Immigrants rights advocates promote the rights of legal immigrants - this is a productive and valuable effort. Often open borders advocates and organizations are referred to as "immigrant rights" advocates and organizations. This is a misnomer, designed to be deliberately misleading. Supporting illegal immigration and open borders under this umbrella is by no means supporting immigrant rights; it is supporting the nonexistent rights of illegal aliens to enter our country. The most salient right of illegal aliens who escaped apprehension at our border is to be treated humanely as they are returned to their home countries to reunite with their families.
The concern about the well-being of future generations. This concern is often discounted in light of short-term issues. See the article Intergenerational Justice.
Nativism is the policy of favoring native inhabitants over immigrants. Establishing a goal of stabilizing U.S. population requires addressing both fertility and immigration numbers; however this is not a nativist agenda.
One who supports the anti-American agenda of illegal immigration and open borders, notwithstanding the express intent of the laws of the land. Typically this is coincident with an anti-nationalist perspective.
Political correctness is a belief that language and practices that could offend a minority group should be eliminated. Taken to extremes, political correctness becomes a filter that prevents a society from understanding the true nature of issues and events. For example, immigration-driven population growth is often not discussed because of the fear of racist allegations.
Population momentum is the tendency for population growth to continue beyond the time that replacement-level fertility has been achieved because of the relatively high concentration of people in the childbearing years. It takes a period of time equal to the average life expectancy (approximately three generations or 73 years in the U.S.) for a reduction in fertility to be manifested as a change in actual population numbers. See additional information on fertility and population momentum. Also see this short discussion of population momentum, and Population Terms and Definitions.
Racism is the prejudice that members of one race are intrinsically superior to members of other races. Some racists indeed might want to eliminate immigration of certain races. However, immigration reductionists are not inherently racist, and the goal of stabilizing U.S. population is not predicated upon a racist agenda.
Reverse racism is the predisposition and bias against native-born Americans, and those of historical European descent and traditional American culture.
Preserving natural ecosystems and keeping resources intact for future generations - of humans and all species.
Xenophobia is an irrational fear of foreigners or strangers. Americans have every right to establish a population and immigration policy for their own country, based upon the goal of population stabilization and a rational fear of unending population growth. This has nothing to do with fear of other people.
Zero population growth means that a population is in equilibrium, with a growth rate of zero, and is achieved when births plus immigration equal deaths plus emigration. See EcoFuture Population Terms and Definitions.
Unemployment in Colorado
USIS estimate of number of illegal aliens in Colorado eligible for amnesty under S.744
Estimated Number of Visa Overstays in Colorado
H1-B workers in the USA ("high-tech") (3-year terms but renewable)
Data on eligible population for Deferred Action - Childhood Arrivals (DACA)
Colorado currently has over 4.3 million residents and is the third-fastest growing state in the U.S. Colorado grew by over 30% in the 1990's and is projected to increase by a million people in the next 10 years. Colorado is suffering from overcrowded schools, and traffic, congestion, smog, and sprawl. Every hour, ten acres of its farmland and open space are lost to development.
What is causing population growth and associated sprawl across the U.S.? The Census Bureau projects that U.S. population will double this century, practically within the lifetimes of children born today. 70% of this doubling will be due to mass immigration - that is, due to new immigrants and their descendents.
People per square mile in 1990: 31.8
People per square mile in 2000: 41.5
Historical Resident Population, 1860 to 2000
|Clear Creek County||9,322||1,703||22.4|
|El Paso County||516,929||119,915||30.2|
|Kit Carson County||8,011||871||12.2|
|La Plata County||43,941||11,657||36.1|
|Las Animas County||15,207||1,442||10.5|
|Rio Blanco County||5,986||14||0.2|
|Rio Grande County||12,413||1,643||15.3|
|San Juan County||558||-187||-25.1|
|San Miguel County||6,594||2,941||80.5|
Excerpts from NPG's report Colorado's Population in 2050: A Road Paved with Good Intentions:
In 1950, Colorado's population was just over 1.3 million. By 1980, numbers were approaching 3 million. During the 1990s, the state added over one million inhabitants, or about 275 people each day. In 2000, Colorado had ballooned to 4.3 million residents. Thus, over the past 50 years, Colorado's population has more than tripled in size. In the past ten years alone, it has grown by almost one-third. There are now more people living along the Front Range than there were living in the entire state ten years ago.
What accounts for this growth? Populations grow or shrink as a result of shifts in three demographic variables: fertility, migration, and mortality. Changes in population size are dependent on net migration (people moving into the state minus people moving out of the state) and natural factors (births minus deaths). Between April 1, 1990 and July 1, 1999, natural increase in Colorado accounted for net growth of 288,209. During the same period, the Census Bureau estimates net domestic migration for Colorado at 402,832 and net international migration at 65,380. Thus, natural increase accounted for 38 percent of all growth during that period, over half came from migration from other states, and the remainder was due to migration from other countries.
In the 1990s, Colorado was home to five of the nation's ten fastest growing counties. Douglas County, the fastest growing county in the nation, almost tripled, growing from 60,000 to 176,000. Elbert County was third with a 105 percent growth rate and says it fears its population explosion will soon overwhelm the area's law enforcement, roads and bridges, and social services. Park, Custer, and Archuleta were also in the top ten.
In Summit, the sixth fastest growing county in the state, county commissioner Bill Wallace says the population growth means "we have more traffic lights and more asphalt. A lot more people commute for work. Lots that were vacant are no longer vacant. Housing is expensive. Child care is impossible to find." Even small towns are being affected. Especially on the Eastern Slope, small mountain towns and hamlets are becoming cities overnight. In Elizabeth, a town of about 1,400 people, new construction is raising concerns; one proposed development would build about 750 new homes, bringing an increase of about 1,900 people. If the political mood remains as it is today, Colorado's growth can be expected to continue and the state's population could easily reach and probably surpass the 6.4 million projected for 2025. The seven million mark, or even higher, could be reached by 2050. These numbers will impact nearly every aspect of life in Colorado.
Colorado school enrollment (K-12), which grew by 29 percent in the last decade, will continue to grow rapidly. In just ten years, the number of students could increase by over 100,000 - from 790,000 in 2000 to 900,000 in 2010. It could easily surpass one million by 2025. To maintain its 1999 student-teacher ratio, approximately 5,000 new teachers will have to be hired annually. Another 10,000 public school students per year means building at least 20 new schools every year. In Douglas County alone, a planning committee has estimated the county will need ten new schools in the next five years to keep up with its ballooning population. The Denver Rocky Mountain News reported that construction and renovation to ease overcrowding would cost 165 million to 175 million dollars.
Eleven percent of Colorado workers travel more than 40 minutes to work. If trends continue, the average metro area motorist will spend twice as much time in traffic by 2020.
During the 1990s, the population of metropolitan Denver grew from under 2 million to over 2.4 million. The Denver Regional Council of Government's (DRCOG's) growth forecast for 2020 predicts that more than one million more people will come to the metro area within the next 20 years. More than one in five of the new residents will live in Adams County, meaning Adams County will gain an average of 11,400 new residents a year. The Colorado Public Interest Research Group report on sprawl writes, "If we don't take action now, the metro Denver area is well on its way to becoming another L.A."
The Denver Post reports of pollution levels in Denver, which regularly violates the federal standards for ground-level ozone: "The brown cloud no longer is a winter phenomenon limited to Downtown, but a year-round problem blanketing the entire area." These problems extend beyond the metropolitan areas, as suburban sprawl contributes to increased air pollution throughout most of the state. Population drives water consumption as well. Colorado's fast-growing cities may eventually face water shortages unless local utilities find new supplies. The Governor's Commission on Saving Open Spaces, Farms, and Ranches found, "Rapid growth, inadequate water supply and extremely dry conditions have left cities thirsty for more water."
The Census Bureau's new projections indicate that immigration will account for two-thirds of all growth nationwide over the next century. In Colorado, most population growth comes from domestic interstate migration (people moving in from other states). Yet this is often caused by immigration (people moving in from other countries), through what is known as secondary migration. Secondary migration occurs when people leave crowded areas in search of more space. This is happening around the U.S., as massive immigration drives the native population to move to less crowded areas. Colorado has been a magnet for such migrants - notably, Californians trying to escape the effects of the states record population growth - growth that has been driven by high immigration levels. A full quarter of migration into Colorado in the past decade has come from California.
As long as federal immigration levels remain at their present non-traditional highs of nearly one million each year, the pressures that immigration puts on border states will continue to affect every state. On top of legal immigration is the pressure from illegal immigration; it is estimated that over five million illegal aliens reside in the U.S., and 300,000 new illegal aliens settle in the country each year. Colorado ranks eleventh in illegal immigration, with over 45,000 illegal aliens residing in the state as of 1996, the latest year for which numbers are available. If federal legislation limiting immigration to more traditional levels of 200,000 to 300,000 annually were passed and if illegal immigration were drastically reduced, migration levels into Colorado could be drastically reduced.
For additional information, data, graphs, and projections, see the following:
• Nativity and Place of Birth - Colorado 2000 Census, from the Colorado Demography Office. This table shows the percentage of native- and foreign-born in each Colorado city.
• FAIR Colorado data - an extensive reference page
• Colorado's Population in 2050 - A Road Paved with Good Intentions, by Leon F. Bouvier and Sharon McCloe Stein, Population-Environment Balance, 2001.
The following graph shows that even though the U.S. had started to achieve a stable population in 1970, mass immigration is driving our population ever upwards.
Sources: US Census Bureau; demographer Leon Bouvier;
Roy Beck, Numbers USA
The top line of the above graph shows actual US population from 1970 to 1993, and the US Census Bureau "medium projection" of total population size from 1994 to 2050. It assumes fertility, mortality, and mass immigration levels will remain similar to 1993. In fact, overall immigration has continued to rise significantly, meaning that population growth will actually be higher than shown here.
The green lower portion of the graph represents growth from 1970 Americans and their descendants. There were 203 million people living in the US in 1970. The projection of growth in 1970-stock Americans and their descendants from 1994 to 2050 is based on recent native-born fertility and mortality rates. This growth would occur despite below replacement-level fertility rates because of population momentum, where current and future children of the current generation will grow up to have their own children, all during the lifetime of the current generation. Nevertheless, this segment of Americans is on track to peak at 247 million in 2030 and then gradually decline.
The red upper portion of the graph represents the difference between the number of 1970-stock Americans and the total population. The tens of millions of people represented by this block are the immigrants who have arrived, or are projected to arrive, since 1970, plus their descendents, minus deaths. They are projected to comprise 90% of all US population growth between 1993 and 2050.
See the NumbersUSA website at www.numbersusa.com for a more thorough and interesting presentation of these facts.
The following table shows how the current level of mass immigration vastly exceeds traditional levels.
* Projections and graph courtesy Population Environment Balance, email uspop at balance dot org
Sources: US Census Bureau; Statistical Yearbook, Immigration and Naturalization Service
Averages: 178,000 per year from 1925-1965, 195,000 per year from 1921-1970
History shows the U.S. has traditionally allowed relatively small numbers to immigrate, thus allowing for decades of assimilation. After the peak of about 8.7 million in the first decade of the 20th century, numbers went steadily down. Immigration averaged only 178,000 per year from 1925 through 1965!
Here are some books on immigration, population, and sustainability that you might find interesting. This is not an exhaustive list, but it is a fairly comprehensive selection.
Illegal Entries is about the U.S. Border Patrol, illegal immigration, narcotics interdictions, terrorist factions and failed political policies spanning three decades. The book recounts first-hand field experience and provides an explanation of why 10 to 12 million illegal aliens are now in the US. Politicians from both parties in Congress, in a quest for cheap labor and votes, created the monster that is devouring the United States from within.
Alien Nation: Common Sense About America's Immigration Disaster, Peter Brimelow; 1996, Harper Perennial Publishers (351p, $13).
Brimelow, an immigrant, maintains that besides the ill effects present immigration has on law enforcement, social service provision, public health, and the environment, it is undermining the sense of the U.S. as a nation. Throughout American history, immigration has occurred, not continuously, but in several waves that have alternated with long periods of assimilation--this is the pattern that built the nation and that the immigration tsunami touched off by the 1965 Immigration Act and complicated by the political resistance to assimilation known as multiculturalism has broken. The U.S. badly needs to drastically reduce immigration now, absorb the last 30 years' worth of new Americans, and rethink its immigration policies. (From Booklist, March 15, 1995).
America Balkanized: Immigration's Challenge to Government, Brent A. Nelson; American Immigration Control Foundation, Box 525, Monterey, VA 24465, ISBN 0936247142 (148p, $10).
Americans No More, The Death Of Citizenship Georgie Anne Geyer; Atlantic Monthly Press, 1996, ISBN 0-87113-650-3, (352p, $23).
A controversial but much-needed book asking the questions posed by our founding fathers: "What makes an American citizen? Who belongs to the American polity, and why?"
Blurred Boundaries: Migration, Ethnicity, Citizenship, Rainer Baubock (Ed.), John Rundell (Ed.); Ashgate Publishing, 1999, ISBN 1840148934, ($42).
From the publisher: The underlying theme of the book are new forms of cultural diversity which result from migration and globalization. The book addresses two tasks: 1) To compare different national contexts and types of ethnic groups (immigrant and indigenous, linguistic and religious minorities) and to discuss how policies of multicultural integration have to be adapted in order to cope with such differences. 2) To evaluate the impact of common trends of globalization which link societies and encourage convergence between national models of multicultural integration.
BIAS: A CBS Insider Exposes How the Media Distort the News, Bernard Goldberg; Regnery Publishing, 2002 (232 p).
Goldberg, an old-fashioned liberal, clearly shows how the media repeatedly ignores their primary mission of objective, disinterested reporting. He blows the whistle on the media and shows how they slant coverage while insisting that they're just reporting the facts.
Coloring the News: How Crusading for Diversity Has Corrupted American Journalism, William McGowan; Encounter Books, 2002, ISBN 1-893554-28-7 (278 p).
McGowan thoroughly examines the premise of newspaper reporters and editors that promoting 'diversity' in the newsroom has produced better reporting and journalism. Instead, quota hiring and 'diversity' reporting practices have discouraged good journalism in favor of biased, one-sided journalism. The overview section alone provides excellent insight into the pervasive problems resulting from the misguided emphasis on 'diversity' reporting today.
Common Sense on Mass Immigration, The Social Contract Press, 2004 ($1).
This small booklet contains 20 articles on mass immigration. This booklet is an excellent introduction to the topic and is ideal to distribute to those who are not fully informed on the issue.
Elephants in the Volkswagen Lindsay Grant; ed. W.H. Freeman & Co., 1992, ISBN 0-7167-2267-4, $22.95. 0-7167-2268-2 (pbk.), (272p, $13.95). Available from The Social Contract Press, Petoskey, MI 49770, 800.352.4843, ISBN 0-7167-2268-2, (272p, $15).
A series of essays courageously attacking the hard questions about overpopulation. The reader may be surprised to learn that we really can do something about overpopulation.
Fences and Neighbors: The Political Geography of Immigration Control, Jeannette Money; Cornell Univ Press, 1999, ISBN 0801435706, (264p, $40).
The author draws on detailed evidence from Britain, France, Australia, and the United States, to demonstrate that local support for immigration is contingent upon economic conditions, as also dependent on the number of foreigners entering the country and their access to the welfare state. Only if local constituencies are critical to maintaining a national electoral majority will local pressures be translated into national immigration policies.
Fifty Million Californians, Leon Bouvier; 1991, ISBN: 1881290247, (93p, $10).
In this state-specific study, Dr. Bouvier outlines the impact of heavy immigration on various states and the disastrous future to which it leads.
Fighting Immigration Anarchy - American Patriots Battle to Save the Nation, Daniel Sheehy; Authorhouse, 2005, ISBN 1-4208-6631-1 (hardcover, $24), ISBN 1-4208-6632-X (softcover, $16), (329 p).
This book is a frightening alarm of the ethnic disorder and financial breakdown that are created by the corrupt political, business, and media elites pursuing a globalist agenda. But the book also provides hope that America can be preserved as a unique nation under the rule of law. The tales of individual citizens seizing the initiative to do the job Washington won’t — protect the country from foreign invasion — are both an inspiration and a playbook. In the spirit of 1776, dedicated patriots show how it’s done, and prove that individual courage still matters.
Fixing the INSanity, Neville W. Cramer, Special Agent, INS (Retired), Immigration Enforcement Solutions, LLC, 2005, ISBN: 0976282003, (197p, $20)
Florida in the 21st Century, Leon Bouvier; ($11).
In this state-specific study, Dr. Bouvier outlines the impact of heavy immigration on various states and the disastrous future to which it leads.
Global Futures: Migration, Environment, and Globalization, Avtar Brah (Ed.), Mary J. Hickman (Ed.), Mairtin Mac an Ghaill (Ed.), St Martins Press, 1999, ISBN 0312221355, (288p, $69).
Heaven's Door: Immigration Policy and the American Economy, George J. Borjas; Princeton Univ Press, 1999, ISBN 0691059667, (264p, $28), (review).
The U.S. took in more than a million immigrants per year in the late 1990s, more than at any other time in history. For humanitarian and many other reasons, this may be good news. But as George Borjas shows in Heaven's Door, it's decidedly mixed news for the American economy--and positively bad news for the country's poorest citizens.
How Many Americans: Population, Immigration, and the Environment, Leon F. Bouvier & Lindsey Grant.
The population of the United States has tripled within this century, and our over-consumption of resources is a leading cause of many international environmental problems including acid rain and global warming. Lowering mass immigration levels becomes necessary in order to achieve environmental sustainability.
How to Win the Immigration Debate, Scipio Garling; Federation for American Immigration Reform, 1997, ISBN 0935776249, (150p, $5).
Importing Revolution: Open Borders and the Radical Agenda, William R. Hawkins; American Immigration Control Foundation, Box 525, Monterey, VA 24465, 1994, ISBN 0936247150, (209p, $8).
Invasion: How America Still Welcomes Terrorists, Criminals, and Other Foreign Menaces to Our Shores, Michelle Malkin; Regnery Publishing, 2002, ISBN 0-89526-146-4, (332 p).
An important book and a stunning indictment of how our government lets known terrorists, murders, and criminals into the U.S. Malkin shows how political correctness, liberal bias, and outright fraud have endangered and cost American lives.
Mexican Migration to the United States: The Role of Migration Networks and Human Capital Accumulation, Steven Zahniser; Garland Publishing, 1999, ISBN 0815331991, (250p, $79).
From the Garland Studies in the History of American Labor.
Mexifornia: A State of Becoming, Victor Davis Hanson, Encounter Books, 2003, ISBN 1893554732.
A valuable and truly insightful analysis; readers genuinely interested in the subject would do well to take in what he has to report.
Misplaced Blame: The Real Roots of Population Growth, Alan Thein Durning and Christopher D. Crowther; Northwest Environment Watch; ISBN 1886093059, (1997).
The authors argue that much of the population growth overrunning parts of North America springs from rarely-noted root causes: poverty, sexual abuse, underfunded family planning services, subsidies to domestic migration, and ill-guided immigration policy. From Center for Immigration Studies: Each chapter identifies one "root" of population growth, including Root 5, Misguided Immigration Laws. While strongly defending immigrants' rights, the report notes that supporting recent immigrants is not the same as supporting open-throttle immigration, and concludes that proper immigration reform would end up closing the immigration door quite a bit --perhaps reducing immigration rates by half, perhaps by more.
Overshoot, The Ecological Basis of Revolutionary Change, William R. Catton, Jr.; University of Illinois Press, 1980, ISBN 0-252-00818-9 (hard cover), (270p, $30), ISBN 0-252-00988-6 (paperback).
An important book - well written with a rich bibliography.
Population Growth -- The Neglected Dimension of America's Persistent Energy/Environmental Problems by Leon Kolankiewicz , NumbersUSA Education and Research Foundation
Re-charting America's Future: Responses to Arguments Against Stabilizing U.S. Population, Roy Beck; The Social Contract Press, Petoskey, MI 49770, 1994, 800.352.4843, ISBN 1881780066, (217p, $10).
Examines the arguments used to justify federal immigration policies that force U.S. population growth, both of which are opposed by the majority of Americans.
Immigration Statistics: Information Gaps, Quality Issues Limit Utility of Federal Data to Policymakers, Eric M. Larson; Diane Publishing, ISBN: 0788177338, (87 p, $20), (order directly from publisher).
Stalking the Wild Taboo, Garret Hardin; Social Contract Press; ISBN 1881780112, (376p, $16).
This first volume in the Garrett Hardin Reprint Series has over sixty pages of new material including a new preface and three never-before-published essays. Dr. Hardin undertakes to shatter the misconceptions that haunt and confuse many of the most important topics of our times.
State Profiles: The Population & Economy of Each U.S. State (State Profiles, 1999), Courtenay M. Slater (Ed.), Martha Davis; Bernan Associates, 1999, ISBN 0890591598, (450p, $65).
Locate economic and demographic data for each U.S. state presented in compact, standardized state chapters using charts, tables and interpretive text. Population, income, employment, earnings by industry, education, exports and government finances are among the topics covered. The standardized format facilitates easy comparisons of data among the states. Comparable national and regional data also are included.
The Case Against Immigration, Roy Beck; W.W. Norton & Co., 1996, ISBN 0-393-03915-3, (287p, $24). This book is not anti-immigrant, but makes a convincing case that the impact of mass immigration is devastating and the need for new legislation urgent.
The Environmentalist's Guide to a Sensible Immigration Policy Scipio Garling, Ira Mehlman; Federation for American Immigration Reform, 1999, ISBN 0-935776-26-5, (63 p, $10).
A well-written and easily-read booklet presenting the environmental impacts of the population and mass immigration problem.
The Immigration Debate, Ed. James P. Smith; National Academy Press, 1998, ISBN 0309059984, (300p, $47). [This book is available online - see The Impact of Recent Immigration on Population Redistributrion Within the United States.
Includes case studies of the fiscal effects of immigration in New Jersey and California, studies of the impact of immigration on population redistribution and on crime in the United States, and much more.
The Immigration Dilemma: Avoiding the Tragedy of the Commons, Garrett Hardin; Federation For Immigration Reform, ISBN 0-935776-15-X, 1995, (140p, $5).
This collection of Hardin's writings shows how timely his warnings have been that too many people pursuing scarce resources spell ultimate disaster. A sorely-needed moral compass on the issues of immigration.
Mechanics of Immigration Control: A Comparative Analysis of European Regulation Policies, Tomas Hammar, Grete Brochmann; New York University Press, 1999, ISBN 1859732674, (316p, $65).
The Immigration Invasion, Wayne Lutton & John Tanton; 1994, The Social Contract Press, Petoskey, MI 49770, 800.352.4843, (190p, $5).
The authors present an ethical framework for setting immigration policy, followed by detailed and specific recommendations for changes.
The Life and Death of NSSM 200 ("National Security Study Memorandum 200") - How the Destruction of Political Will Doomed a U.S. Population Policy, Stephen D. Mumford, Center for Research on Population and Security, P.O. Box 13067, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27709, 919.933.7491, ISBN 093730705X, (580p. hard cover: $43, paper: $19).
Read the overview! (The full text and summary is also available at www.pop.org/students/nssm200.html).
Thirty Million Texans, Leon Bouvier; ISBN 1881290204, (93p, $11). In this state-specific study, Dr. Bouvier outlines the impact of heavy immigration on various states and the disastrous future to which it leads.
Unguarded Gates - A History of America's Immigration Crisis by Otis L. Graham, Jr. (Rowman & Littlefield, 2004, ISBN 0-7425-2228-8). (Read reviews on Amazon.com).
Unwelcome Strangers: American Identity and the Turn Against Immigration, David M. Reimers; Columbia Univ Press, 1999, ISBN 0231109571, ($18).
A definitive history of the current immigration reduction movement. This book discusses both sides of the economic, social, and environmental arguments against mass immigration. Excellent reading for both historians and current policy makers.
Whatever It Takes, J. D. Hayworth, Regnery Publishing, Inc., 2006, ISBN 089526028X, (256 p, $18). An excellent and informative read exposing the illegal immigration and border security crisis. (Review).
World Population, Leon F. Bouvier, Jane T. Bertrand; Seven Locks Press, 1999, ISBN: 0929765664, (203 p, $13).
"Readable, insightful, scholarly, and objective. Whatever your view on population growth, few disagree that it presents the future with some major challenges. An important book about a fast developing, worldwide problem." -- Richard D. Lamm.
"Bouvier and Bertrand's new book offers a measured and informed appraisal - for those who would prefer to actually understand." -- Michael S. Teitelbaum.
World War III, Population and the Biosphere At the End of the Millennium, Michael Tobias; Continuum Pub Group, 1997, ISBN 0826410855, (300p, $16); (review essay). Also available from DESIP bookstore.
Tobias argues that humanity is waging a war of aggression against the planet. He travels around China, Indonesia, India, Kenya, the US, and Antarctica and returns, laden with fact and anecdote, to tell us that there are too many of us and that rapine economic development is killing the planet. At current birth and death rates, the world is adding a Los Angeles every three weeks. Tobias is both knowledgeable and passionate in his presentation.
Here is a collection of reference links and links to related websites. We are not responsible for the content of other websites - view at your own discretion.
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Many of the sites listed on this page are action-oriented to some extent. The following sites are mainly activist-oriented.